Preposition and its types:-
Hello learners! Today you will learn about preposition and its types.
Do you know Preposition plays a very important role in English grammar? Let’s learn about preposition and it’s different types through this article.
Let’s begin today’s session.
What is Preposition
Preposition is a word which shows relation of a noun or pronoun with other Noun or pronoun.
E.g- Below, Between, Toward, With, during, according to etc.
Give a look at these two sentences.
1- Sam lives in India.
2- My mother lives with my grandmother.
2- My mother lives with my grandmother.
Note- In the above sentences, bold words are Prepositions as they are placed before a noun or pronoun and shows it’s relation with other noun or pronoun.
Definition of prepositions for kids
Preposition is made up of two words: pre and position.
Pre+ position which means it is placed before a noun or pronoun when noun or pronoun functions as an object of a sentence.
E.g.- To, In, At, From, Above, etc.
Here I am providing a list of 30 prepositions.
List of prepositions
- According to
- Amid/ Amidst
- Infront of
- In the middle of
- Next to
- Out of
Now it’s time to learn about different types of preposition.
Types of prepositions
There are five different types of prepositions. These are as follows.
● Simple Prepositions
● Double Prepositions
● Compound Prepositions
● Participle Prepositions
● Phrase Prepositions
Let’s learn about each types of preposition with the help of some examples.
Simple prepositions are used to describe a location, time or place.
‘At, for, in, off, over, under, from, through’ are some examples of simple prepositions.
■ He sat on the chair.
■ She was living in Australia.
■ I got a present from my friend.
■ The bike went through the tunnel.
Double prepositions are two simple prepositions used together. They usually indicate direction.
‘ Into, upon, onto,from within, within,without, out of’ are some examples of double prepositions.
■ Once upon a time, there was a king.
■ We can not live without water.
■ The loud noise came from within the playground.
■ The Caterpillar turned into a beautiful butterfly.
Compound prepositions are also known as complex prepositions. It consists two or more words, usually a simple prepositions and another words. It conveys location.
‘According to, on the behalf of, in the middle of, across from, aside from’ are some examples of Compound prepositions.
■ I addressed the assembly on the behalf of my headmaster.
■ Aside from dancing, she sings sweetly too.
■ We are in the middle of pandemic.
■ According to me, some words work as prepositions as well as conjunctions.
Participle prepositions have endings with ‘ed’ or ‘ing’.
‘Considering, during, concerning, providing and following’ are some examples of participle prepositions.
■ Considering her age, she is still energetic.
■ The dog kept following his lord.
■ The teacher ordered not to talk during the lecture.
■ He is interested in anything concerning English language.
Phrase prepositions are also known as prepositional prepositions. It includes a preposition, an object and object’s modifiers.
‘On time, at home, before class, on the floor’ are some examples of phrase prepositions.
■ Employees attend meeting on time.
■ She was resting at home.
■ The students discussed about Science project before the class.
■ The little baby left muddy footprints on the floor.
|Preposition of location, time and movement
So, you have understood about five different types of prepositions with their examples.
Now, let’s learn about the use of different prepositions.
Use of prepositions
Here, you will learn about use of various prepositions.
Preposition ‘to’ shows movement. Preposition ‘to’ is used with different verbs as play, learn, fly, hike, sail etc.
■ I want to learn and write properly.
■ She goes to school.
Preposition ‘on’ is used to indicate position. It generally indicates that something is on the top of something else.
■ My document is on the table.
■ Smith got a tattoo on his chest.
Preposition ‘in’ shows an inside area. It is used to indicate a location within a limited space.
■ The puppy is in his bed.
■ I live in India.
Preposition ‘at’ is used to indicate when an action is referring to. It is also used to describe a static position.
■ The emperor was looking at his pupil.
■ Rohan is at work.
Preposition ‘into’ is defined from moving from outside to inside.
■ He moves into the playroom.
■ Her father goes into his new home.
It is used to indicate the reason for any situation, refers relating or belonging to and it also specifies the number or an amount.
■ You should always dream of being successful.
■ This is an article of preposition and its types.
In front of
Preposition ‘infront of’ is used to indicate location of someone or something that is forward or on ahead to someone or something.
■ My sister lives infront of my best friend’s house.
■ The teacher stands infront of the students.
Preposition ‘behind’ indicates that someone or something is at the back of someone or something else.
■ The car was parked behind the entrance gate.
■ She lives behind my house.
Preposition ‘between’ is used for two persons or objects.
■ The matter is between us.
■ There are only two railway stations between two rivers.
Preposition ‘among’ is used for more than two persons.
■ Lata distributed chocolates among her 20 students.
■ Joy became winner among his 5 competitors.
Preposition ‘amid or amidst’ is used to show certain kinds of relationships between other words. It has two meanings.
1- In the middle of
■ Jolly looked for crowd amid the rush.
■ He took the office amid the great depression.
Across from/ Opposite
Preposition ‘across from’ is a synonym of the word- ‘opposite’.It indicates that someone or a place is on the other side.
■ The girl lives across from the church.
■ The sailor sails the boat across from the main side.
Next to/ Beside
Preposition ‘next to or beside’ refers to that someone or something is on the other side.
■ John lives next to Jimmy’s school.
■ A guard stands next to the enterance gate.
Near/ Close to
Near/ close to has the same meaning as ‘next to/beside’. But, only the difference is that next to/ beside is used to express a short distance while near/ close to shows a longer distance.
■ The bus stop is near the bank.
■ His shop is close to a grocery shop.
Preposition ‘above/over’ indicates position higher than a reference point.
■ They put an umbrella over the table.
■ I fixed a white board over the wall.
Preposition ‘under/ below’ used to show a lower level.
■ The matchboxes are under the table.
■ A river flows under a bridge.