Noun number, rules to change singular noun in plural noun and conversion of 10 singular nouns into plural nouns used in sentence:-
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Noun:- Noun is a name of a person, an animal, a place or thing.
In other words, noun is a naming word.
Countable and Uncountable nouns
What is Countable Noun?
Countable Noun:- Nouns which we can count is known as Countable Noun.
What is Uncountable Noun?
Uncountable Noun:- Nouns which we can not count is known as Uncountable Noun.
Point to remember- We can change number of Countable Noun but we can not change number of Uncountable Noun.
Singular and Plural Nouns
Noun number is divided into two parts:-
- Singular number
- Plural number
Singular number:- Singular number denotes only a single or one similar Noun.
Plural number:- Plural number denotes more than one similar Nouns.
Rules to change singular noun in plural noun:-
1. If we are getting a word which ends with consonant so while making plural number of that particular word, add ‘s‘ in the last of the word.
Eg- Girl- Girls
2.If in the last of the word s, ch, x, es, ss, sh or z comes then while making plural form of noun, we add ‘es‘ in the word.
Eg- Bus- Buses
Class – Classes
(Exception– In some cases, when we are getting ‘s’ or ‘z’ in the last of the word so while changing into plural form, we do doubling of ‘s’ or ‘z’ then we add ‘es’ in that word).
Eg- Gas- Gasses
3.If in the last of the singular noun, we are getting ‘y‘ so while changing into plural number, we replace ‘y’ with ‘i‘ and add ‘es‘ in that word.
Eg- Baby- Babies
(Exception– When we get ‘y’ in the last of singular noun and before ‘y’ if we are getting any vowel so for making plural form, we simply add ‘s’ in the last of that word.)
Eg- Monkey- Monkeys
4.If in the last of the singular noun we are getting ‘f‘ or ‘fe‘ so for making plural form, we replace ‘f’ or ‘fe‘ with ‘v‘ and add ‘es‘ in that word.
Eg- Leaf- Leaves
(Exception– If in the last we are getting ‘f’ or ‘fe’ which is followed by a vowel then for making plural we simply add ‘s’ in that word.)
Eg- Roof- Roofs
5.If singular noun ends with ‘o‘ then for making plural number add ‘es‘ in the last of that word.
Eg- Potato- Potatoes
(Exception– some exceptional words are there for making plural form, you need to add ‘s’ only when it ends with ‘o’ in singular noun.)
Eg- Photo- Photos
‘Volcano‘ is an unique word which ends with vowel ‘o‘. For making plural form, we have both choices is to add ‘s‘ or ‘es‘. Both are correct.
6.If the noun ends with ‘is‘ then for pluralization, replace ‘is‘ and add ‘es‘ in the last of word.
Eg- Analysis- Analyses
Ellipsis – Ellipses
7.If the singular noun ends with ‘us‘ then for pluralization, replace ‘us‘ with ‘i’.
Eg- Cactus- Cacti
8.If the singular noun ends with ‘on‘ then for making plural form, replace ‘on‘ with ‘a’.
Eg- Phenomenon- Phenomena
Some Nouns don’t change when they’re pluralized.
Eg- Sheep- Sheep
Plural Nouns rules for Irregular Nouns
9.Irregular Nouns follow no specific rules so it’s best to memorize them.
Eg- Child- Children
Tooth – Teeth
|Singular to Plural form|