Noun cases, kinds of noun case:-
Let’s learn about Noun-Cases, kinds of noun cases in English along with their examples.
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So, let’s begin today’s session.
Today We’ll learn about Noun-Cases and it’s kinds.
As you know ‘Cases‘ is also one of the category of Nouns and it is one of the important topics of language.
Now let’s read full article, I’ll make it easy to learn.
What are Noun-Cases?
Noun-Cases show relationship of a noun and pronoun to other words used in a sentence.
Mainly there are only 3 types of cases.
- Subjective case or Nominative case
- Objective or Accusative case
- Possessive or Genitive case
What is Subjective case?
When we use a noun or pronoun as the subject of a sentence, we say that the particular noun or pronoun is in Subjective case. It does the work of a Subject and gives answer of ‘what‘ and ‘who‘ in a sentence. Subjective case is also known as Nominative case.
Eg- Lucy helds a meeting in her office.
‘Lucy‘ is subjective case here as it’s a noun, used as subject of the sentence and gives answer of ‘who‘.
What is subject?
Subject is the doer of action or who does work in a sentence, is known as subject of that sentence.
How to use possessive case? Read more.
What is Objective case?
When we use a noun or pronoun as the object of a verb, it is said to be in Objective case. It gives answer of ‘what‘ and ‘whom‘. It is also known as Accusative case.
Eg- The Principal awarded him a gold medal.
In the above sentence, there are two objects.
What is object?
Object is receiver of action.
There are 2 types of object-
1.Direct Object– It gives answer of ‘what’.
2.Indirect Object– It gives answer of ‘whom’.
Let’s clear this with the above example.
‘Him‘ which is an indirect object as it gives answer of ‘whom‘.
‘A gold medal‘ which is a direct object as it gives answer of ‘what’.
So, both objects used in the above sentence, in Objective case or Accusative case.
Let’s practice about subject and object with this exercise.
Choose the correct answer and give yourself 1 mark for each correct answer.
Now, let’s move further on other types of Noun-Cases.
What is Possessive case?
When a noun or pronoun is used to show ownership or possession, it is said to be in possessive case. It is also known as Genitive case.
Eg- It is Jimmy’s scrapbook.
In the above example, Jimmy is owning a scrapbook so, noun ‘Jimmy’s‘ is in possessive case or genitive case.
There are 3 ways to use possessive case or genitive case. These are as follow-
- Possessive case used with singular noun.
- Possessive case used with plural noun.
- Possessive case used with non-living things.
How to use use possessive case with singular noun?
As possessive case shows possession or ownership so, while using it with singular noun, you must add apostrophe (‘) along with alphabet s.
- Eg- Girl’s school.
- Rishi’s books.
In the above two examples, ‘girl‘ and ‘Rishi‘ are singular nouns so, (‘s) is added with this singular noun to show possessive case or genitive case.
Girl’s school means it is the school of a girl.
Rishi’s books means those are books of Rishi.
How to use possessive case or genitive case with plural noun?
You must add only apostrophe (‘) with plural noun to show possession or ownership of a noun or pronoun.
Eg- Girls’ school.
The both examples consist plural nouns.
Therefore only (‘) is added with both nouns.
Note– Some nouns are in plural number but they do not take s or es with themselves like children, fish, people and many more words are there used in plural noun without taking s or es so, these type of plural nouns take apostrophe with alphabet (s) for showing possession or ownership of a noun or pronoun.
Which language has cases? Read more.
Eg- We are moving toward children’s playground.
Here, children is a plural noun without taking s or es , so while using as possessive case or genitive case, you must add apostrophe (‘) s.
How to use possessive case or genitive case with non-living things?
This point is really meant to understand. When a non-living thing is used in possessive case or genitive case, you do not have to use only apostrophe (‘) or apostrophe (‘) along with alphabet s.
So, with non-living things, instead of apostrophe or apostrophe with s, you must use preposition (of) in possessive case or genitive case.
Eg-The name of my school is St. Joseph academy.
If you are writing or speaking, my school’s name is St. Joseph academy then you are totally incorrect because school is a non-living thing so you need to add preposition (of) instead of apostrophe or apostrophe s.
The school’s name.
Name of the school.✓
Except these 3 noun cases, in English you should know about two more types of case.
- Vocative case
- Dative case
What is Vocative case?
Vocative case addresses a person or thing.
Eg- Learn properly, Sam.
Don’t worry about future, Srijal.
In the above examples, ‘Sam‘ and ‘Srijal‘ are Vocative case as these two words are used to address nouns.
What is Dative case?
Dative case is used to show an indirect object of a verb.
Eg- She gave pen to me.
Here, in the above sentence, ‘me‘ is a dative case as it is an indirect object.
Direct Object– a pen
Indirect object use in dative case- me
Let’s understand more about Noun-Case.
Which languages have cases?
Languages such as Armenian, Assamese, Ancient Greek, German,Latin, Sanskrit, Korean, Japanese, Icelandic, Tibetan and the Uralic languages have case system.
Does English language have cases?
Yes, English language has cases even in pronoun also we use three cases; Nominative, Accusative and Possessive cases.
How do you know if it is Accusative case or Dative case?
Accusative case or Nominative case and dative case both show object of a verb but Accusative case receives direct impact of verbs’ action while Dative case receives verbs’action indirectly.
So, you have learnt about 5 cases:-
1. Subjective case or Nominative case
2. Objective case or Accusative case
3. Possessive case or Genitive case
4. Vocative case
5. Dative case
I hope this article is useful for understanding about Noun cases and kinds of Noun cases.
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