Adjectives and its types
Hello students! Let’s begin the topic ‘Adjective and its types’.
Let’s give a look on the following small paragraph-
Sam is an intelligent boy. He works in a renowned company. He is a famous employee of his company.
In the above example, I’ve told you about Sam. As ‘Sam’ is a naming word so, it is a Noun.
Read this also: English parts of speech chart, 9 parts of speech
Now, in the above paragraph, can you find out which parts of speech the given words are,
In this article, we will discuss about this.
Without delay, let’s move further.
As the above three words, describing ‘Sam’ so these words come under Adjective
What is an Adjective
An adjective is the word which discribes or qualifies a noun or pronoun.
Or in other words, describing words are known as adjective.
The simplest definition of adjective is, ‘adjectives tell more about noun’.
Eg- Soft, Powerful, Quiet, Natural etc.
So, you’ve got three different examples of Adjective.
Let’s understand it more clearly with examples used in different sentences.
Example in five sentences:
- She has a pretty face.
- You are a curious boy.
- That lady has no idea about it.
- I have many coins in purse.
- John is suffering from high diabetes.
Explanation of above examples:
■ ‘She has a pretty face.’👈 In this example, the word ‘pretty’ is describing noun ‘face’ so ‘pretty‘ is an adjective here.
■’You are a curious boy.’👈 In this example, the word ‘curious’ is qualifying or describing a noun i.e. ‘boy’ so, ‘curious‘ is an adjective here.
■’That lady has no idea about it.’👈 In this example, the word ‘that’ is describing a noun i.e.’lady’ so, ‘that‘ is functioning here as an adjective.
■’I have many coins in purse.’ 👈 In this example, the word ‘many’ is describing noun ‘coins’ so, ‘many‘ is an adjective here.
■’John is suffering from high diabetes.’ 👈 In this example, the word ‘high’ is describing a noun ‘diabetes’ so, ‘high‘ is an adjective here.
What are 10 types of adjective
The ten types of adjectives are as follows:
- Adjective of Quality
- Adjective of Quantity
- Adjective of Number
- Demonstrative Adjective
- Distributive Adjective
- Proper Adjective
- Interrogative Adjective
- Possessive Adjective
- Emphasizing Adjective
- Exclamatory Adjective
Adjective of Quality:- Adjective of Quality refers to kind, degree or quality of something. Sometimes, It is also known as Descriptive Adjective.
Eg- 1-Darjeeling is a splendid place to visit in India.
2-Yesterday, I met an honest person.
(In the both examples, ‘splendid’ and ‘honest’ are adjective of quality as they describing India and person respectively.)
What are Possessive Adjective.( Read more)
Adjective of Quantity:- Adjective of Quantity refers to the amount or estimated amount of a noun or pronoun.
1- She has only little knowledge about this subject.
2- He ate some rice today.
(In the both examples, ‘little’ and ‘some’ are adjective of quantity as they describes about ‘knowledge’ and ‘rice’ respectively.)
Adjective of Number:– Adjectives which refer to number of a person or thing is known as adjective of number.It is used with countable nouns. It is also known as Numeral Adjective.
1-He stood first in the class.
2-There are thirty students in the classroom.
(In the both examples, ‘first’ and ‘thirty’ are adjective of number as they are showing number.)
|Words as adjective|
Demonstrative Adjective:- A demonstrative adjective helps to indicate a noun or pronoun in a sentence. It is mostly helpful to indicate whether you want to denote a noun or pronoun which is near to you is near or far or whether it is in singular form or plural form. The most common demonstrative adjectives are – This, That, These, Those.
1- This pen is smoother than that pen.
2- Those boys are playing cricket.
( In the first example, ‘this’ and ‘that’ are two demonstrative adjectives as they indicate to a single noun ‘pen’. In second example, ‘those’ is a demonstrative adjective as it indicates a noun ‘boys’.)
Distributive Adjective:- Distributive Adjectives are used to refer to members of group as individuals. They include ‘each’, ‘every’, ‘either’ and ‘neither’.
Each: is used to refer to one specific person of a group.
Eg- Each student will get a reward.
Every: It is used to make generalisation in sentence.
Eg- She watches videos every day.
Either: Either is used to select one person or thing between the choice of two.
Eg- Either you learn it or I’ll be making you understand it.
Neither: It is used to state not one or the other between a choice of two.
Eg- Neither of us can help him.
Proper Adjective:– The adjectives which are formed from proper nouns are called Proper Adjective. It is always begins with a capital letter.
1-I am an Indian.
2- I used to speak American English.
(The word ‘Indian’ and ‘American’ are proper adjectives as they are formed from proper nouns i.e ‘India’ and ‘America’.)
How to identify common adjectives.( Read full article.)
Interrogative Adjective:- Interrogative Adjectives are used to ask questions. It modifies a noun by asking a question.
1- Which subject do you like the most?
2-Whose cellphone are you using right now?
(In the both examples, ‘which’ and ‘whose’ are Interrogative adjectives as they used to ask questions.)
Possessive Adjective:– Possessive Adjective indicates possession or ownership of a noun.
Eg- Your brother is doing well in the school.
Their favourite teacher was absent yesterday.
(In the both examples, ‘your’ and ‘their’ are possessive adjectives respectively as they indicate possession of nouns.)
Emphasizing Adjective:– The words used to emphasize a noun are called Emphasizing Adjectives. It may be used to emphasize a Possessive Adjective too.
1-You have to bring your own lunch.
2-The very moment he completes his homework, I will let him go outside.
(In the both examples, ‘own’ and ‘very’ are emphasizing adjectives.)
Exclamatory Adjective:- Exclamatory adjectives are used to show emotions. Words used to show emotions are called exclamatory adjectives. It takes exclamatory mark with itself.
1- Ugh! Why are you yelling here?
2- I got movie tickets!
How to identify Common Adjectives.
To find adjectives, go to the words that describe nouns or pronouns and ask three questions:
- How many?
- Which one?
- What kind?
Pay attention to the following example.
Jasmina posted two new photos on her favourite website.
In the above example, you see three nouns: Jasmina, photos and website but you can’t find answer of three questions on Jasmina i.e. How many Jasmina? Which Jasmina? What kind of Jasmina? So, no adjectives describe Jasmina.
Now,try these three questions on photos and website and you’ll find answers.
1- How many photos? Answer is three.
How many website? Answer is one.
2- Which photo? Answer is new.
Which website- Answer is her.
3- What kind of photo? Answer is favourite.
What kind of website? Answer is favourite.
If any word is giving answer of these three questions i.e.’ how many, which one, what kind’ then it’s an adjective as it describes a noun or pronoun.
I hope this article is useful to learn about adjectives and its types.
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