In our daily life, we do various kinds of work. There is no one in the whole world who does not do even a single work in a day.
Do you know what are these works known as in English grammar?
As you know, earlier there were only 8 parts of speech but now in modern English there are 9 parts of speech in English grammar.
These 9 parts of speech are as follows:-
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The parts of speech which shows work comes under the category of Verbs.
So, today we will learn about ‘verbs’.
What is a verb?
– A verb is a word which states, doing or showing possession.
Here is explanation of the above definition of Verbs:-
‘A verb states something‘ -(It means it tells about state/ position of a noun or pronoun).
For example– You are a learner.
(In this example, it tells position of yours so, ‘are’ is a verb here.)
‘A verb is a doing word’- (The words which shows work or action is known as verb.)
For example– You play a game.
( In this example, ‘play’ is showing an action so, it’s a verb.)
‘A verb shows possession‘- ( It shows possession or ownership of a noun or pronoun.)
For example- You have a blue car.
(In this example, the word ‘have’ shows ownership so it’s a verb.)
In the above image, ‘a doggy is sitting on the table.’ so ‘sitting’ is an action word hence, a verb here.
I hope the above definition of verb is cleared now.
Kinds of Verbs. Read full article.
Verb definition for kids.
Here is an easy definition of Verbs for kids.
‘A verb is a doing word‘.
Explanation of the above line- The word which shows a doing word or action word is known as a verb.
For example– Mr. Sam had written a novel.
(In the above example, ‘written’ is a doing word so it is a verb.)
What is Transitive verb? Read more.
There are three forms of a verb:-
(i) Base form or main form of the verb
(ii) Past form of the verb
(iii) Past participle form of the verb
*Base form is also known as 1st form of the verb.
*Past form is also known as 2nd form of verb.
*Past participle is also known as 3rd form of the verb.
Note– Mainly there are only three forms of Verbs but except these, one other form of verb too i.e known as ‘Participating’ form of the verb.
Participating form of verb is made by base form of verb+ adding ‘ing’.
For example- (i) Play+ing = Playing
(ii) Watch+ ing = Watching
(iii) Learn+ ing= Learning
Kinds of Verbs:-
There are 4 kinds of Verbs. These are follows:-
1. Transitive verb and Intransitive verb
2.Linking verb and Auxiliary verb
3.Finite verb and non-finite verb
4.Regular verb and irregular verb
Transitive verb and Intransitive verb:-
What is a transitive verb?
*Transitive verbs– In a Sentence, when Subject comes along with object then verb of that Sentence is said to be in Transitive verbs.
You must know about Subject and object.
Let me clear it!
Subject:- The noun or pronoun who does work in a sentence is known as Subject of the sentence.
In simple words, we can say, ” doer of an action is known as Subject”.
Object:- The noun or pronoun which receives an action is known as object.
In simple words, we can say, ” receiver of an action is known as object.”
Note:- Subject and object both must be either noun or pronoun.
Kinds of non finite verbs.(Scroll down this page to read more).
Kinds of an object:-
There are 2 kinds of Object:-
(i) Direct Object
(ii) Indirect Object
Here is an explanation of both kinds of object with two examples of each.
*Direct object- It tells answer of ‘what’. It states name of things.
For example– Those players play football.
( Here, we can frame question with wh word ‘what‘ i.e- What do those players play?
Answer is ‘football’ and it is also name of a things so, ‘football’ is a direct object in the above example.)
* Indirect object– It tells answer of ‘whom’ . It states name of a person whether noun or pronoun.
For example– Seema respects him.
(Here, in the above example we can frame question by ‘whom‘ i.e – Whom does Seema respect?
Answer is ‘him’ and the word ‘him’ is a pronoun so it ‘ the word – he’ is an indirect object.)
Now, after clearing Subject and object, let’s give a look on the following example of Transitive verb.
1. Miss Kapoor had watched movie.
In this sentence,
‘Miss Kapoor’ is a Subject as it’s doer of an action.
‘movie’ is an object as it’s receiver of an action.
2. We are learning about verb.
In this Sentence,
‘We’ as the doer of an action is known as Subject.
‘verb’ this word we are receiving by learning so it’s an object.
I hope Transitive verb is cleared.
What is Intransitive verb?
* Intransitive verb:- Intransitive verb only takes Subject with itself but not object.
For example– John works hard.
( In the above example, we are getting ‘John’ as Subject but we aren’t getting any object so, the verb ‘works’ is an Intransitive verb.)
Difference between Transitive verb and Intransitive verb:-
1. Transitive verb takes Subject and object with itself.
2. Intransitive verb only takes Subject but not object with itself.
Linking verb and Auxiliary verb:-
What is Linking verb?
*Linking verb– Linking verb links or connects Subject and complement together.
Note– ‘Complement’ is either noun or adjective which comes after linking verb.
For example– You are brave.
(Here, in the above example ‘you’ is subject and ‘brave’ is (adjective) complement so the word which is connecting Subject and complement together i.e ‘are’ is known as a linking verb.)
What is Auxiliary verb?
* Auxiliary verb– Auxiliary verb is also known as helping verb. It works according to tense and number.
For example– They did not run away.
(Here in the above example, ‘did’ is a helping verb which is used in Simple past or Past indefinite tense.)
Difference between linking verb and Auxiliary verb:-
1.Linking verb does not take main verb but auxiliary verb takes main verb or base verb with itself.
Finite and non finite verb:-
What is finite verb?
* Finite verb:- Finite verb acts according to Tense, number and person.
For example– She was staying there since 2015.
( In the above example, Sentence is working according to Tense, number and person so, the verb ‘ staying’ is a finite verb.)
*Non-finite verb:– Non-finite verb does not work according to tense, number and person.
For example– The labourers are working hard to earn their living.
(In the above example, we are getting two different main verbs – (I) working (ii) earn
We can see first main verb i.e. ‘working’ is acting according to Tense and number so it’s a finite verb and the second main verb i.e. ‘earn’ is not working according to Tense and number so it is a non finite verb.)
Non finite verb is divided into 3 parts:-
Let’s look on the explanation of these 3 parts of non finite verb.
* Gerund– ‘ING’ form of verb when acts as a noun, it’s known as gerund.
For example– Swimming is a good exercise.
(In the above example, ‘swimming’ is working as a noun so it’s a gerund.)
* Participle– Participle is also divided into two parts:-
(i) Present Participle
(ii) Past Participle
Present Participle– It is ‘ing’ form of verb which works as an adjective.
For example– He had sold a working machine yesterday.
(In the above example, ‘working’ is an adjective because it’s describing a noun ‘machine’ so ‘working’ is a present participle.)
Past Participle– Past Participle form ( III form of verb) when it is used as an adjective it is known as Past Participle form of non-finite verb.
For example– The little boy is playing with a broken toy.
(In this example, ‘broken‘ is a past Participle form of the verb and it is working as an adjective because it’s describing a noun i.e ‘toy’ so the word ‘broken‘ is working here as a Past Participle.)
Infinitive– When before main verb ‘to’ is added in a sentence then to+ main verb is known as infinitive.
For example– She loves to eat cupcakes.
(In the above example, ‘to eat‘ is an infinitive).
Difference between finite verb and non-finite verb:-
1.Finite verbs act according to tense, person and number.
2. Non-finite verb does not act according to Tense, number and person and it is divided into three parts.
What is Regular verb?
*Regular verb– Regular verb is also known as weak verbs as it makes its past form and past participle form by adding ed, d or t in the main verb.
(i) Close Closed Closed
(ii) Spend Spent Spent
(iii) Play Played Played
What is Irregular verb?
* Irregular verbs– are also Known as strong verbs as it has different all the three forms of verbs.
(I) Write Wrote Written
(ii) Go Went Gone
(iii) Begin Began Begun
Difference between regular verb and irregular verb:-
1. Regular verb makes its past form and past Participle form by adding – ‘d’ , ‘ed’ or ‘t’ in the last of main verb and rest all the letters would be same.
2.Irregular verb makes its past form and past Participle by changing entire word or some inside vowels of main verb.
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Note– Some verbs remain same in all the three forms of verb and they are also Known as irregular verbs.
(I) Cut Cut Cut
(ii) Put. Put. Put
We’ve learnt about all kinds of Verbs along with their examples.
Do you know about position of object in a sentence?
When we are getting two objects in a single Sentence, one is direct object and other is indirect object so firstly after main verb we must place direct object and after direct object we should add preposition ‘to’ or ‘ for’ (according to the sense of sentence) and then we must place indirect object.
For example– Jaya gives her pencil to me.
(In the Sentence, ‘gives‘ which is main verb after that direct object comes ( name of a thing) and then we get preposition ‘to‘ then finally we get indirect object ‘me‘ (pronoun).
I hope this article is useful for you.
In this article, we’ve covered following topics:-
1.Defintion of Verbs
2.Kinds of Verbs
3.Subject and object
4.Kinds of object
5.Parts of non-finite verbs
6. Position of Object
- Thank you readers! Ask your query and give your valuable feedback in comments.