Pronoun is a word which used at the place of Noun.
In other words we can say, the word which replaces noun in a sentence is known as Pronoun.
Pronoun is second parts of speech in English Grammar.
|Definition of Pronoun with example
Let’s give a look on the following example-
Rashi is 25 years old. Rashi works in a private sector. Rashi earns a good sum of money.
In the above example, you can notice repetition of same naming word i.e. Rashi again and again and I do not feel it is looking nice.
Now, second thing who is Rashi? Whether a masculine gender or feminine gender? Well, it sounds like a feminine gender.
As you know well that for feminine gender we use ‘She’.
Now let’s understand definition of Pronouns with the help of above example.
As you can see in above example, three times naming word i.e. Rashi is used so instead of using Noun (Rashi) in all the three different sentences, you may use ‘she’ because ‘she‘ denotes Rashi only.
If you write above three sentences in this way then it will surely look nice.
‘ Rashi is 25 years old. She works in a private sector. She earns a good sum of money.
So, firstly you will introduce to whom you are talking about. Here, you are talking about Rishi so, in the first sentence you will mention name (Rashi) i.e a Noun but in rest two sentences, you will replace Noun (Rashi) with Pronoun (She) as Rashi is a feminine gender.
Point to Remember– You can replace repetition of Nouns only with the help of Pronouns.
What is Pronoun?
is a word which used at the place of Noun or Pronoun is a word which used instead of Nouns.
For example– I, We, He, It,Their, Ourselves etc.
What is Emphatic Pronouns.( Read full article)
What are different kinds of Pronouns?
There are eight kinds of Pronouns. These are as follows:
- Personal Pronouns
- Reflexive Pronouns
- Emphatic Pronouns
- Demonstrative Pronouns
- Relative Pronouns
- Indefinite Pronouns
- Distributive Pronouns
- Interrogative Pronouns
Personal Pronouns: The Pronouns that are stand for persons are called Personal Pronouns.
Eg- He, she, it, ours, himself etc.
It denotes three different persons.
1st person ( the person speaking) ex- I will ask to you.
2nd person ( the person spoken to)ex- You are my classmate.
3rd person (the person spoken of) ex- He is your classmate.
Number, person and case in Personal Pronouns.
Number: There are two numbers used in Personal Pronouns. These are as follows-
- Singular number
- Plural number
Person: There are three persons used in Personal Pronouns. These are as follows-
- First person
- Second person
- Third person.
Case– There are three cases used in Personal Pronouns. These are as follows-
- Subjective case or Nominative case
- Objective case or Accusative case
- Possessive case or Genitive case
Below is the image of Personal Pronoun chart:-
Personal Pronoun chart
Point to remember–
Possessive Pronouns never take an apostrophe (‘) with itself.
Reflexive Pronouns: When the action done by subject , reflects upon the subject, it is called Reflexive Pronoun.
Eg- I trust myself.
They did their work themselves.
Emphatic Pronouns: When Pronouns are used for the sake of emphasis (stress, force), are called Emphatic Pronouns.
Eg- He himself inform you.
She herself suggested him.
Points to remember:- Reflexive Pronouns and Emphatic Pronouns both are the parts of Compound Personal Pronouns.
In these both kinds of pronouns ‘self’ or ‘selves’ added depend upon number.
What is Indefinite Pronouns. (Read more)
Demonstrative Pronouns:– Pronouns refer to point out the objects used in a sentence, is known as demonstrative pronoun.
Ex- This, that, these, those
‘This‘ is used with singular number to point out the object which is near to us.
‘That‘ is used with singular number to point out the object which is far from us.
‘These‘ is used with plural number to point out the objects which are near to us.
‘Those‘ is used with plural number to point out the objects which is far from us.
In the above image, you can see many students so it is showing plural number. As it is in plural number and near as well so you will use ‘Those’ here.
Those students are enjoying after being graduate.
Relative Pronouns:- A relative pronoun is related to a noun that comes just before it. A noun that comes just before the relative pronoun, called it’s antecedent.
Eg- Who, that, which, when, whom etc.
Johnny is a teacher who teaches me English Language.
In the above example, ‘who‘ is a relative pronoun.
●Relative Pronoun ‘who’ is used for persons.
●Relative Pronoun ‘which’ is used for animals or things.
●Relative Pronoun ‘that’ is used for animals, persons or things.
Indefinite Pronouns:- It refers to persons or things in general. It does not point any person or thing in particular.
Eg- some, many, all,one, anyone etc.
Some are intelligent.
Many students attend the session.
Distributive Pronouns:- It refers to one person or thing at a time. It is always singular and take a singular verb.
Eg- Each, either, neither etc.
Each boy will win a reward.
Neither of these pens is his.
Interrogative Pronouns:- Interrogative Pronouns are used to ask questions.
Eg- Whose, which, whom etc.
Who is smarter than you?
Which is your site?
Here are 20 examples of pronouns in different sentences:
- Is there anyone on the door?
- Who told him about me?
- They are really cute.
- I am not going to cheat you.
- You are a genius person.
- Some girls are pretty in the town.
- Where are those animals?
- That is my favorite pen.
- Either of those two are my dress.
- Someone knows about him.
- I have lost my book. I can not find.
- Would you like something to speak?
- I myself praised him.
- He learnt French by himself.
- Which is your neibhour’s house?
- Is there anything to hide?
- She is the girl whom I admire the most.
- You may get a driving license now.
- They taught him moral values.
- Who is your ideol?
I hope this article is useful to learn about Pronouns and its kinds.