Present Perfect Tense with 5 understandable examples of each sentence

Present Perfect Tense with 5 understandable examples of each sentence

What is Tense?

In simple words, Tense refers to time.
Tense is divided into three parts:-
  1. Present Tense
  2. Past Tense
  3. Future Tense
Present Tense shows current period of time that is going on right now. It is divided into four kinds.
Four kinds of Present Tense are:-
  1. Present Indefinite Tense/ Simple Present Tense
  2. Present Continuous Tense
  3. Present Perfect Tense
  4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Past Tense shows the time which has been passed. It is divided into four types.
Four kinds of Past Tense:-
  1. Past Indefinite Tense/ Simple Past Tense
  2. Past Continuous Tense
  3. Past Perfect Tense
  4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense
Future Tense shows the time which is going to come next. It is divided into four types.
Four types of Future Tense are:-
  1. Future Indefinite Tense/ Simple Future Tense
  2. Future Continuous Tense
  3. Future Perfect Tense
  4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense
In this article, you are going to learn about Present Perfect Tense.

Uses of Present Perfect Tense:-

We use Present Perfect Tense in English in order to show an action that has just been completed. This Tense is often used with adverbs like just, already, lately, recently, yet etc.
 
For example:-

Helping verbs used in Present Perfect Tense:-

There are two helping verbs which are used in Present Perfect Tense. These are-
  1. Has
  2. Have
  • Helping verb ‘Has’ is used with singular noun.
  • Helping verb ‘Have’ is used with plural noun.

Do you know which Form of Verb is used in Present Perfect Tense?

Past Participle form which is generally known as third form of verb is used in Present Perfect Tense.

Structure of Present Perfect Tense.

Affirmative sentence:-
Structure of affirmative sentences of Present Perfect Tense:-
Subject+ Helping Verb+ Verb+ Other Words
1- I have visited Agra recently.
Here in this example,
Subject– I
Helping verb– Have
Verb– Visited
Other words– Agra recently
2- Monalisa has copied notes.
Here in the example,
Subject- Monalisa
Helping verb- Has
Verb- Copied
Other words– Notes
3- She has participated in the entrance exam.
Here in the example,
Subject– She
Helping verb– Has
Verb– Participated
Other words– In the entrance exam
4- The boys have learnt poem.
Here in the example,
Subject– The boys
Helping verb– Have
Verb– Learnt
Other words– poem

Σ Some examples of affirmative sentences of Present Perfect Tense:-

  1. The babies have drunk milk.
  2. An astrologer has just predicted something.
  3. I have completed my task.
  4. An old man has picked up a stick.
  5. You have already listened this story.
Negative Sentences:-
Here is the Structure of Negative Sentences used in Present Perfect Tense:-
Subject+ helping Verb+ Not+ Verb+ Other Words
1- He has not viewed his friend’s profile.
Here in this example,
Subject- He
Verb- Has
Negation– Not
Verb– Viewed
Other words– His friend’s profile
2- Her friends have not planned a trip.
Here in this example,
Subject- Her friends
Helping Verb- Have
Negation– Not
Verb– Planned
Other words– A trip
3- Many participants have not received certificate yet.
Here in this example,
Subject– Many Participants
Verb– Have
Negation– Not
Verb- Received
Other Words- Certificate yet
4- Some girls have not sung a melodious song.
Here in this example,
Subject– Some girls
Verb– Have
Negation– Not
Verb– Sung
Other words– A melodious song
Σ Some examples of Negative Sentences of Present Perfect Tense:-
  1. You have not created a video clip.
  2. Her grandmother has not received any parcel.
  3. He has not proved anyone wrong.
  4. The musicians have not played any musical instrument yet.
  5. Their neighbour has not met his aunt.
Interrogative Sentence ( Yes/No type):-

Structure of Interrogative Sentence (Yes/No type) of Present Perfect Tense:-

Helping verb+ Subject+ Verb+ Other words
1- Has he done his work?
Here in this example,
Helping verb– Has
Subject– He
Verb- Done
Other words- His work
2- Have I looked around?
Here in this example,
Helping Verb– Have
Subject– I
Verb– Looked
Other word- Around
3- Has my mentor taught me moral ethics?
Here in this example,
Helping verb- Has
Subject– My mentor
Verb- Taught
Other Words– Me moral ethics
4- Have you lived in Gorakhpur before?
Here in this example,
Helping Verb– Have
Subject– You
Verb– Lived
Other Words– In Gorakhpur before

Σ Some examples of Interrogative Sentence ( Yes/ No type) in Present Perfect Tense:-

  1. Has she played well?
  2. Have my brothers learnt something new?
  3. Have you written any correct answer?
  4. Has a cat purred?
  5. Have his parents cared about him?
Interrogative Sentence (Wh type):-

Structure of Interrogative Sentence ( Wh type) of Present Perfect Tense:-

Wh type word+ Helping Verb+ Subject+ Verb+ Other words
1- What have they understood about his obstacles?
Here in this example,
Wh word- What
Helping verb– Have
Subject– They
Verb- Understood
Other words- About his obstacles
2- Where has she heard an infant’s cry?
Here in this example,
Wh type– Where
Helping Verb– Has
Subject- She
Verb– Heard
Other Words– An infant’s cry
3- Who has they admired the most?
Here in this example,
Wh type- Who
Helping Verb– Has
Subject-They
Verb- Admired
Other words– The most
4- What have the puppies taken in the morning?
Here in this example,
Wh type- What
Helping verb– Have
Subject-The puppies
Verb- Taken
Other Words- In the morning

Σ Some examples of Interrogative Sentence (Wh type) of Present Perfect Tense:-

  1. Why has her mother praised you?
  2. What have they done for their living?
  3. How has she cooked chapatis?
  4. When has the cobbler mended shoes?
  5. How has the painter painted fence?
Present Perfect Tense
Interrogative Negative Sentence:-

Structure of Interrogative Negative Sentence ( Yes/ No type) of Present Perfect Tense:-

Helping Verb-+ Subject+ Not (Negation words)+ Verb+ Other words
1- Have the travellers not travelled across the world?
Here in this example,
Helping verb- Have
Subject- The travellers
Negation– Not
Verb– Travelled
Other words- Across the world
2- Has he not slept well in the night?
Here in this example,
Helping verb– Has
Subject- He
Negation– Not
Verb- Slept
Other words– Well in the night
3- Has the boy not provided shelter to the poor?
Here in this example,
Helping verb– Has
Subject-The boy
Negation– Not
Verb- Provided
Other Words- Shelter to the poor
4- Has your mother not met your friends?
Here in this example,
Helping verb– Has
Subject– Your mother
Negation- Not
Verb– Met
Other Words- Your friends

Σ Some examples of Interrogative Negative (Yes/ No type) sentences of Present Perfect Tense:-

  1. Have my colleagues not done their work yet?
  2. Has she not just qualified examination?
  3. Have I not treated you well?
  4. Has a potter not made a pot?
  5. Has she not looked charming before?
Interrogative Negative Sentence (Wh type):-

Structure of Interrogative Negative (Wh type) sentences of Present Perfect Tense:-

Wh word+ Subject+ Not+ verb+ other words
1- When has he not read the article?
Here in this sentence,
Wh word- When
Helping Verb– Has
Subject- He
Negation- Not
Verb- Read
Other Words- The article
2- How have they not run fast?
Here in this example,
Wh word- How
Helping verb- Have
Subject- They
Negation- Not
Verb– Run
Other word– Fast
3- When has he not planted the tree?
Here in this example,
Wh word– When
Helping verb– Has
Subject– He
Negation- Not
Verb- Planted
Other words– The tree
4- Why has the maid- servant not cleaned the utensils yet?
Here in this example,
Wh word- Why
Helping verb- Has
Subject– The maid-servant
Negation– Not
Verb– Cleaned
Other Words– The utensils yet

Σ Some examples of Interrogative Negative Sentences (Wh type) of Present Perfect Tense:-

  1. Why has a chef not cooked delicious food?
  2. How have the children not played safely?
  3. Why has he not thought positively?
  4. Where have they not gone for party?
  5. Who has not changed the password?
I hope you have learnt well about Present Perfect Tense.

◊ It’s time to do some exercises related to Present Perfect Tense.

1- ____ they done their work silently? ( Fill in the blank with the correct helping verb of Present Perfect Tense)
2- He has admitted his mistake. ( Change into Negative Sentence)
3- She not has lesson learnt her. ( Rearrange this sentence)
4- Her uncle ___ taken care of him. ( Fill in the blanks with the correct helping verb- of Present Perfect Tense)
5- Have you listened that song? ( Change it into Wh type Interrogative Sentence)
◊ Answers of above questions:-
1- Have
2- He has not admitted his mistake.
3- She has not learnt her lesson.
4- Has
5- When have you listened that song?
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This Post Has 12 Comments

  1. Krazy

    This post reminded me of my school days. Resourceful post with lots of examples for clear understanding. Good 👍👍

  2. Ashish

    So nicely explained it’s quite helpful for students…

  3. Ajay Singh

    Thank you for your articles its relay helpful

  4. AK

    Excellent

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