Present Perfect Continuous Tense with 1 useful practice set

Present Perfect Continuous Tense with 1 useful practice set

In this article, we are going to cover Present Perfect Continuous Tense with different examples.

Tense is the most important topics of English language. Without Tense, one can not speak or learn English Grammar.
In 4 different types of Present Tense, Present Perfect Continuous Tense comes at the last number in sequence.

What are the uses of Present Perfect Continuous Tense?

This Tense is used to express an action that began in the past and is continuing at the time of speaking.
Examples:-
  1. The farmers have been ploughing the field for one week.
  2. A boy has been learning his lesson since morning.
  3. Some women have been trying to find a job in Municipal Corporation for a month.
  4. A cobbler has been mending shoes since afternoon.

 

Helping verbs used in Present Perfect Continuous Tense

There are two helping verbs used in this tense.
  1. Has been
  2. Have been
‘Has been’ is used with singular Number.
‘Have been’ is used with plural Number.

Form of the verb is used in Present Perfect Continuous Tense

ING form of verb is used in this Tense.

In Present Perfect Continuous Tense, ‘Since’ and ‘For’are used which shows Period of time and Point of time respectively.

Examples of Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Structure of Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Δ Affirmative sentence:-
Subject+ Helping verb+ Verb+ Other words+ Period/Point of time+ Time
1. She has been doing job in banking field since 2015.
Here in this example,
Subject- She
Helping verb- Has been
Verb- Doing
Other words- Job in banking field
Period of time- Since
Time- 2015
2. His family has been shifting to Mumbai for 1 hour.
Here in this example,
Subject- His family
Helping verb- Has been
Verb- Shifting
Other words- To Mumbai
Point of time- For
Time- 1 hour
3. My mother has been cooking delicacies in the kitchen since evening.
Here in this example,
Subject- My mother
Helping verb- Has been
Verb- Cooking
Other words- Delicacies in the kitchen
Period of time- Since
Time- Evening

Some examples of Present Perfect Continuous Tense in affirmative sentence

  1. They have been catching the fish since morning.
  2. My best friend has been wandering to and fro for two hours.
  3. An engineer has been operating the machine since 2019.
  4. Children have been playing in the playground for 5 o’clock.

 

Δ Negative sentence:-
Subject+ Has/Have+ Not+Been+ Verb+ Other words+ Point/Period of time+ Time
Note- In negative sentence, Helping verb is divided into two parts (Has/Have and been) and in between these two words ‘Not’ or any negative word is used.
1. Your father has not been going to his office for one week.
Here in this example,
Subject- Your father
Helping Verb (1st part)- Has
Negation- Not
Helping verb (2nd part)- Been
Verb- Going
Other words- To his office
Point of time- For
Time- One week
2. Two boys have not been playing musical instruments for two hours.
Here in this example,
Subject- Two boys
Helping verb-( 1st part)- Have
Negation-Not
Helping verb(2nd part)- Been
Verb- Playing
Other words- Musical instruments
Point of time- For
Time- Two hours
3. The kites have not been flying high in the sky since morning.
Here in this example,
Subject- The kites
Helping Verb (1st part)- Have
Negation-Not
Helping verb( 2nd part)- Been
Verb- Flying
Other words- High in the sky
Period of time- Since
Time- Morning
Some examples of Present Perfect Continuous Tense in Negative sentences
  1. He has not been taking his lunch for half an hour.
  2. You have not been motivating others since 26 October, 2020.
  3. My mentor has not been coming to my house for five days.
  4. They have not been driving their car for 3 pm.

 

Δ Interrogative sentence (Yes/No type):-
Has/ Have + Subject+ Been+ Verb+ Other words+ Point/Period of time+ Time
Note- In Interrogative sentences, helping verbs ‘Has been’ and ‘Have been’ are divided and in between both words ‘Subject’ comes.
1. Have the birds been chirping in the sky since morning?
Here in this example,
Helping verb (1st part)- Have
Subject- The birds
Helping Verb( 2nd part)- Been
Verb- Chirping
Other words- In the sky
Period of time- Since
Time- Morning
2. Has your friend been giving you surprise for 4 o’clock?
Here in this example,
Helping Verb (1st part)- Has
Subject- Your friend
Helping Verb ( 2nd part)- Been
Verb- Giving
Other words- You surprise
Point of time- For
Time- 4 o’clock
3. Has she been living in foreign since 2019?
Here in this example,
Helping verb (1st part)- Has
Subject- She
Helping Verb (2nd part)- Been
Verb- Living
Other words- In foreign
Period of time- Since
Time- 2019
Some examples of Present Perfect Continuous Tense in Interrogative (Yes/No type) sentences
  1. Has he been copying the notes for three hours?
  2. Have we been sending them gifts for three months?
  3. Has his friend been joining a course since three weeks?
  4. Has she been sitting on the couch for three days?

 

Δ Interrogative sentences (Wh type):-
Wh word+ Has/Have+ Subject+ Been+ Verb+ Other words+ Point/Period of time+ Time
1. How have you been implementing that skill since 2017?
Here in this example,
Wh type- How
Helping Verb (1st part)- Have
Subject- You
Helping Verb (2nd part)- Been
Verb- Implementing
Other words- That skill
Period of time- Since
Time- 2017
2. Why have the children been learning poetry for two hours?
Here in this example,
Wh type- Why
Helping verb (1st part)- Have
Subject- The children
Helping Verb (2nd part)- Been
Verb- Learning
Other word/Object- Poetry
Point of time- For
Time- Two hours
3. How have you been caring to your grandparents for two years?
Here In this example,
Wh type- How
Helping verb (1st part)- Have
Subject- You
Helping verbs (2nd part)- Been
Verb- Caring
Other words- To your grandparents
Point of time- For
Time- Two years

Some examples of Present Perfect Continuous Tense in Interrogative (Wh type) sentences

  1. What have you been searching there for 1 o’clock?
  2. How has she been enjoying sad music for one hour?
  3. Why has a lion been roaring loudly in the forest since night?
  4. What have they been talking about since evening?

 

Δ Interrogative Negative Sentence (Yes/No type):-
Has/Have+ Subject+ Not+ Been+ Verb+ Other words+ Period/Point of time+ Time
Note-In Interrogative Negative Sentence, two helping verbs ‘Has been’ and ‘Have been’ are divided and in between ‘Subject’ and ‘Negative words’ come.
1.  Has that girl not been taking online classes for three months?
Here in this example,
Helping verb (1st part)- Has
Subject- That girl
Negation-Not
Helping Verb (2nd Part)- Been
Verb- Taking
Other words- Online classes
Point of time- For
Time- Three months
2. Have you not been planning to go on a drive for a year?
Here in this example,
Helping verb (1st part)- Have
Subject- You
Negation-Not
Helping verb (2nd part)- Been
Verb- Planning
Other words- To go on a drive
Point of time- For
Time- A year
3. Have your siblings not been sharing cookies with you since night?
Here in this example,
Helping Verb (1st part)- Have
Subject- Your siblings
Negation-Not
Helping verb ( 2nd part)- Been
Verb- Sharing
Other words- Cookies with you
Period of time- Since
Time- Night

Some examples of Present Perfect Continuous Tense in Interrogative Negative Sentence (Yes/No type) sentences

  1. Have they not been writing a book for two years?
  2. Have I not been using short tricks since 2010?
  3. Has her partner not been supporting her for two days?
  4. Has his brother not been exploring any hidden place since 2017?

 

Δ Interrogative Negative Sentence (Wh type):-
Wh type+ Has/Have+ Subject+ Not+ Been+ Verb+ Other words+ Point/Period of time+ Time
1. Why has she not been paying her tuition fee for three months?
Here in this example,
Wh word- Why
Helping verb (1st part)- Has
Subject- She
Negation-Not
Helping Verb (2nd part)- Been
Verb- Paying
Other words- Her tuition fee
Point of time- For
Time- Three months
2. How have we not been watching the movies since 2018?
Here in this example,
Wh word- How
Helping verb (1st part)- Have
Subject- We
Negation-Not
Helping verb (2nd part)- Been
Verb- Watching
Other words- The movies
Period of time- Since
Time- 2018
3. What has their mother not been baking in the oven for three hours?
Here in this example,
Wh word- What
Helping verb (1st part)- Has
Subject- Their Mother
Negation-Not
Helping verb (2nd part)- Been
Verb- Baking
Other words- In the oven
Point of time- For
Time- Three hours

Some sentences of Present Perfect Continuous Tense in Interrogative Negative (Wh type) sentence

  1. How has he not been visiting to India for five years?
  2. Why has she not been learning French since 2019?
  3. What have those men not been listening for an hour?
  4. Why has it not been raining for six months?
Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Practice Set:-
Question- Do as directed:-
1- Why ____ I been trying to learn Spanish since 2019? ( Fill in the blanks with the help of correct part of missing helping word)
2- You have been waiting for your friend since morning. (Identify the main term that expresses the Present Perfect Continuous Tense)
3- He have been suffering from headache since night. (Find out the mistake in the given sentence)
4- The lady has been thinking about her family for one week. ( Change the given sentence into Interrogative Negative ‘Yes/No type’ sentence)
5- Ben has been completing his project since Monday. ( Change it into Interrogative ‘Wh type’ sentence)
Answers of above questions:-
1- Have
2- In the given sentence, helping verb ‘Have been’ is used with ING form of verb. It expresses the sentence is in Present Perfect Continuous Tense.
3- At the place of ‘Have’, there must be ‘Has’.
4- Has the lady not been thinking about her family for one week?
5- Why has Ben been completing his project since Monday?
I hope this article about Present Perfect Continuous Tense is helpful to you.
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This Post Has 6 Comments

  1. Krazy

    Present perfect continuous sentences are very complex sentences to speak in a day to day life. Atleast, i find it difficult to speak 😅😅
    Resourceful article 👍

  2. Ashish

    Perfectly explained and you make it much easier to understand concept…keep up the good work…

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