Present Indefinite Tense | It’s 6 Important structure with examples

Present Indefinite Tense | It’s 6 Important structure with examples

Tense is the most important part of language whether it is an English language, Hindi language or any other language.

Tense refers to time and it is mainly divided into three types: Present Tense, Past Tense and Future Tense.

Present Tense is divided into 4 types-

  1. Simple Present Tense or Present Indefinite Tense
  2. Present Continuous Tense
  3. Present Perfect Tense
  4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Tense is divided into 4 types

  1. Simple Past Tense or Past Indefinite Tense
  2. Past Continuous Tense
  3. Past Perfect Tense
  4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Future Tense is divided into 4 parts

  1. Simple Future Tense or Future Indefinite Tense
  2. Future Continuous Tense
  3. Future Perfect Tense
  4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense
So, there are total twelve types of Tense.
In the list of types of Tense, the first type is Simple Present Tense or Present Indefinite Tense.
In this article, you will learn about uses, rules and formation of Present Indefinite Tense.
Present Indefinite Tense: This tense represents regular, normal or true actions.

Examples of Present Indefinite Tense

  1. Those students go to school daily.
  2. Do you like to eat pizza?
  3. She does not cheat anyone.
  4. Why does he not play football?
  5. The rich man always tries to help poor.
  6. Do they not meet their parents?
  7. We often watch YouTube videos.
  8. He does not ask for money.
  9. It rains heavily now.
  10. The author writes a book.
Present Indefinite Tense

Uses of Present Indefinite Tense

  • It expresses actions that is actually taking place at the time of speaking.
Ex- How cute the baby looks!
  • It expresses habitual action.
Ex– She always cooks food.
  • It denotes future action that is already planned.
Ex– He goes to church tomorrow.
  • We use Present Indefinite Tense to introduce a quotation especially with the verb ‘say’.
Ex– The captain  says, ‘Move ahead.’
  • It is used in conditional (if) clauses and time clauses.
Ex– If they write one page handwriting daily their writing will improve.
  • In running commentaries, stage directions, itineraries and in describing the process of an experiment or a recipe, Present Indefinite Tense is used.
Ex– Rohini passes ball to Rohan.
For formation of Present Indefinite Tense, you must need know about sentences. In each tense, there are structure of Affirmative sentence, negative sentence, Interrogative sentence and Interrogative- negative sentence.
Let’s move on it’s structure.

Helping Verb of Present Indefinite Tense

  1. Do
  2. Does
Do and Does are two different helping verbs of Present Indefinite Tense.
‘Does’  is used with singular nouns.
‘Do’ is used with plural nouns.

Which form of the verb is used in Present Indefinite Tense?

Base form or main form of the verb is used in Present Indefinite Tense.

Structure of Present Indefinite Tense

To know about the structure of Present Indefinite Tense, you must know about the structure of various sentences. These sentences are-
  • Affirmative sentence
  • Negative sentence
  • Interrogative sentence
  • Interrogative Negative sentence.

Structure of affirmative or assertive sentence used in Present Indefinite Tense

Subject+ verb+ other words (object, phrase, complement)
1. Kriti wakes up early in the morning.
Here in the above sentence,
Subject– Kriti
Main verb– Wakes up
Other parts- early in the morning
2. They learn their lesson.
Here in the above sentence,
Subject- They
Main verb– Learn
Object- their lessons
3. The little innocent child prays to God.
Here in the above sentence,
Subject- The little innocent child
Main verb– Prays
Object- To God
Note:– In affirmative sentence of Present Indefinite Tense, if subject is given in singular noun then in the main form of verb, ‘ s or es ‘ is added. But if subject is in plural noun then only main form of verb should be used.
For adding ‘s or es’, follow noun- number rule.

Some examples of affirmative sentence in Present Indefinite Tense

  1. We enjoy cricket match.
  2. She helps others.
  3. Anjana cooks delicious food.
  4. Mohit goes to his office.
  5. The star shines brightly.

Structure of negative sentence used in Present Indefinite Tense

Subject+ Helping verb ( Do/Does) + Not+ other words ( object, phrase, complement)
1. He does not come from New Delhi.
Here in the above sentence
Subject– He
Helping verb– Does ( As ‘He’ is used as a singular number)
Negation– Not (It makes a sentence negative)
Verb– Come
Other parts- From New Delhi
2. They do not demand for enquiry.
Here in the above sentence,
Subject– They
Helping verb– Do ( As ‘ We’ is used as a plural number)
Negation- Not
Main verb– Demand
Other parts– For enquiry
3. She does not like movies.
Here in the above sentence,
Subject- She
Helping verb– Does ( As ‘ She’ is used as a singular number)
Negation– Not
Main verb– Like
Object– Movies

Some examples of negative sentences in Present Indefinite Tense

  1. I do not play football.
  2. She does not work regularly.
  3. We do not cheat others.
  4. He does not tell a lie.
  5. You do not hesitate in giving reply.

Structure of Interrogative sentence in Present Indefinite Tense

There are two types of Interrogative sentence.
  1. Yes/No type
  2. Wh type
Yes/No type– It starts with auxiliary or linking verb and one can give answer of yes/no type questions in a single word by choosing yes or no.
Wh type- It starts with wh words or question words like what, how, when, why, where etc. One should give answer in complete sentence for replying about wh type questions.
 Structure of Yes/ No type sentence ( Interrogative sentence)
Helping verb+ Subject+ verb+ other parts (object, phrase, complement)
1. Does he go outside?
Here in the above sentence,
Helping Verb– Does
Subject- He
Verb- Go
Other word- Outside
2. Do you think clearly?
Here in the above sentence,
Helping Verb– Do
Subject- You
Verb- Think
Other word- Clearly
3. Do the teachers give them assignment?
Here in the above sentence,
Helping Verb- Do
Subject- The teachers
Verb– Give
Other words– Them assignment
Some examples of Interrogative (Yes/No type) sentence in Present Indefinite Tense
  1. Does Rama live happily?
  2. Do the students prepare for exams?
  3. Do the nurses cure patients?
  4. Do the labourers work in the field?
  5. Does he watch movie?

Structure of wh type questions in Present Indefinite Tense

Wh word+ Helping Verb+ Subject+ verb+ other words
1. Why does she move around?
Here in the above sentence,
Wh word- Why
Helping verb– Does
Subject– She
Verb- Move
Other word– Around
2. Where do they live peacefully?
Here in the above sentence,
Wh word– Where
Helping verb– Do
Subject- They
Verb- Live
Other word– Peacefully
3. What does the girl cook in the kitchen?
Here in the above sentence,
Wh word– What
Helping verb– Does
Subject– The girl
Verb– Cook
Other words- In the kitchen
Some examples of Interrogative (wh type) sentence in Present Indefinite Tense
  1. Why does she cry bitterly?
  2. Where does he live?
  3. Why do they call him?
  4. What does the musician perform?
  5. Why do the babies look around?

Structure of Interrogative  negative sentence in Present Indefinite Tense

Structure of (Yes/ No type) Interrogative negative sentence

Helping verb+ Subject+ Not+ Verb+ other words
1. Do we not play hockey?
Here in the above sentence,
Helping Verb- Do
Subject– We
Negation- Not
Verb- Play
Object– Hockey
2. Does she not help others?
Here in the above sentence,
Helping Verb– Does
Subject– She
Negation- Not
Verb- Help
Object- Others
3. Does the boy not sleep well in the night?
Here in the above sentence,
Helping Verb– Does
Subject– The boy
Negation– Not
Verb- Sleep
Other words– Well in the night

Some examples of Interrogative negative (Yes/No type) sentences in Present Indefinite Tense

  1. Does he not try hard?
  2. Do I not go there?
  3. Does the painter not paint the picture yet?
  4. Do they not enjoy the music?
  5. Does Keshar not study properly?
Structure of (Wh type) Interrogative negative sentence in Present Indefinite Tense
Wh word+ Helping Verb+ Subject+ Not + Verb+ Other words
1. Why does he not run fast?
Here in the above sentence,
Wh word– Why
Helping Verb– Does
Subject– He
Negation-Not
Verb-Run
Other word– Fast
2. Why do I not write a letter?
Here in the above sentence,
Wh word– Why
Helping verb– Do
Subject– I
Negation– Not
Verb– Write
Object– A letter
3. What do they not do in the evening?
Here in the above sentence,
Wh word– What
Helping Verb– Do
Subject– They
Negation– Not
Verb– Do
Other words- In the evening

Some examples of Interrogative negative (Wh type) sentence in Present Indefinite Tense

  1. Where do they not go today?
  2. Why do these children not drink milk?
  3. Where does she not sit?
  4. When do the labourers not plough the field?
  5. What does he not put in the basket?
Now it’s time to do practice exercise.
Let’s do it.
Question– Do as directed.
 1.She__ not take rest. ( Fill in the blanks with suitable helping verb of Present Indefinite Tense)
2. I do not talk to strangers. ( Change it into Interrogative negative (yes/no type) sentence)
3.What do he do for his living? ( Spot the error)
4.The men do hard work. ( Change it into Interrogative ( Yes/ No type) sentence)
5. A woman speak softly. ( Correct the sentence)
Answers of above questions.
1- Does
2- Do I not talk to strangers?
3- What does he do for his living?
Explanation– ‘He’, which is a singular form so according to this rule, helping verb ‘Does’ must be used.
4- Do the men work hard?
5- A woman speaks softly.
Explanation– According to rule of affirmative sentence in Present Indefinite Tense, if the subject is in singular form then we must add ‘s or es’ in the main form of verb.
I hope this article is useful to learn about Present Indefinite Tense.
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This Post Has 12 Comments

  1. Krazy

    Many people don’t understand how to frame interrogative sentences grammatically correct. This post might help them clear their all confusions.

  2. Ashish

    This is one of tough topics but you nicely explained and made it more clearer…

      1. Ruchi

        Very nicely explained. One can clear his doubts by reading your post.

  3. AK

    Very nice Article completely informative !!

  4. Ruchi

    Nicely explained

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