Present Continuous Tense with its 6 important structures

Present Continuous Tense with its 6 important structures

Do you know about Tense?

In simple words, we say Tense refers to time.
Tense is divided into 3 types.
  1. Present Tense
  2. Past Tense
  3. Future Tense
But, present tense, past tense and future tense, all these three tenses have their own types.
Let’s learn about their types.

Types of Present Tense

  1. Simple Present Tense/ Present Indefinite Tense
  2. Present Continuous Tense
  3. Present Perfect Tense
  4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Types of Past tense

  1. Simple Past Tense/ Past Indefinite Tense
  2. Past Continuous Tense
  3. Past Perfect Tense
  4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense
Types of Future Tense
  1. Simple Future Tense/ Future Indefinite Tense
  2. Future Continuous Tense
  3. Future Perfect Tense
  4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense
In the previous article, you have learnt about Present Indefinite Tense.
Now, in this article you are going to learn about Present Continuous Tense.

What is Present Continuous Tense?

Present Continuous Tense which is also known as Present Progressive that is a verb tense, shows ongoing actions happening now.

Uses of Present Continuous Tense

→ This Tense is used to express an action that is going on at the time of speaking.
Ex– The monkey is jumping from the tree.
→ It shows an action which is happening about this time, but not necessarily at the time of speaking.
Ex– The students are preparing for examination.
→ It is used to describe an action which is definitely going to take place in the near future.
Ex– The teacher is taking class test tomorrow.
→ Present Continuous Tense is used to denote repeated action. It is used with adverb ‘always’.
Ex– Neha is always doing charity.
Note– Some verbs are not usually used in Present Continuous Tense because they do not indicate deliberate actions. They are verbs of senses, verbs expressing feelings and emotions, verbs of mental activity and verb of possession.
These verbs are- appear, appreciate, believe, belong, consist, desire, detest, expect, feel, hate, love, like, mind, owe, own, see, smell, seem, think, want, wish.
When these verbs are used in Continuous Tense, it has a different meaning.
1. The eldest son is minding the baby. (Here, ‘minding’ means ‘taking care of’)
2. Are you liking the music? (Here, ‘liking’ means ‘enjoying’)

Helping verbs of Present Continuous Tense

There are three helping verbs used in Present Continuous Tense i.e. Is, Are, Am.
  • Helping verb ‘IS’ used with singular number.
  • Helping verb ‘ARE’ is used with plural number.
  • Helping verb ‘AM’ is used with pronoun ‘I’.

Which form of Verb is used in Present Continuous Tense?

Present Participle form of verb which is generally known as ING form of verb is used in Present Continuous Tense.
Present Continuous Tense

Structure of Present Continuous Tense

* Affirmative Sentence

Structure of affirmative sentence in Present Continuous Tense

Subject+ helping verb+ verb + other words (object/ complement/ phrase)
1. She is reciting a poem.
Here,
Subject– She
Helping verb– Is
Verb- Reciting
Other words– A poem
2. He is learning a story.
Here,
Subject- He
Helping verb- Is
Verb– Learning
Other words– A story
3. I am reading a biography.
Here,
Subject– I
Helping verb– Am
Verb– Reading
Other words– A biography
Σ Some examples of affirmative sentences in Present Continuous Tense
  1. Riddhima is enjoying a birthday party.
  2. You are looking so happy.
  3. They are listening news.
  4. We are protecting their neighbours.
  5. Sammie is listening songs.
* Negative Sentence
Structure of Negative sentence in Present Continuous Tense
Subject+ Helping Verb+ Not+ Verb+ Other words
1. The singers are not singing.
Here,
Subject– The singers
Helping Verb– Are
Negation– Not
Verb– Singing
2. The students are not preparing for examination.
Here,
Subject- The students
Helping verb- Are
Negation-Not
Verb- Preparing
Other words– For examination
3. An artist is not making an art.
Here,
Subject– An Artist
Helping verb- Is
Negation– Not
Verb- Making
Other words- An art

∑ Some examples of Negative sentences in Present Continuous Tense

  1. The Children are not playing cricket match.
  2. The babies are not shouting loudly.
  3. The dancers are not taking rest.
  4. A human is not trying to hurt anyone.
  5. A dog is not eating grass.
* Interrogative Sentence

Structure of Interrogative (Yes/No type) sentences in Present Continuous Tense

Helping verb+ Subject+ verb+ Other words
1. Is a bird hopping to and fro?
Here,
Helping verb– Is
Subject– A bird
Verb- Hopping
Other words- to and fro
2. Are you doing your work?
Here,
Helping verb– Are
Subject- You
Verb– Doing
Other words– Your work
3. Am I teaching you?
Here,
Helping verb– Am
Subject– I
Verb- Teaching
Other word– You

∑ Some examples of Interrogative (Yes/No type) sentences in Present Continuous Tense

  1. Are you learning a new skill?
  2. Am I writing an article?
  3. Is she going to abroad?
  4. Are they thinking of him?
  5. Is his mother cooking delicious food?

Structure of Interrogative (Wh type) sentences in Present Continuous Tense

Wh type+ Helping verb+ Subject+ Verb+ Object
1. Why is a monkey climbing on the tree?
Here,
Wh type– Why
Helping verb- Is
Subject– A monkey
Verb- Climbing
Other words– On the tree
2. Where are they hiding themselves?
Here,
Wh word– Where
Helping verb– Are
Subject– They
Verb– Hiding
Other word– Themselve
3. When is he leaving for Indore?
Here,
Wh type– When
Helping verb– Is
Subject- He
Verb- Leaving
Other word– For Indore

∑ Some examples of Interrogative (Wh type) sentences in Present Continuous Tense

  1. Where are they living?
  2. Why is she quarreling with her brother?
  3. Why are you sleeping now?
  4. How is he behaving?
  5. When am I coming to England?
* Interrogative Negative Sentence

Structure of Interrogative Negative (Yes/No type) sentences in Present Continuous Tense

Helping verb+ Subject+ Not+ Verb+ Other words
1. Are we not getting feedback?
Here
Helping verb– Are
Subject– We
Negation-Not
Verb-Getting
Other word– Feedback
2. Is he not understanding the whole matter?
Here,
Helping verb– Is
Subject- He
Negation– Not
Verb- Understanding
Other words- The whole matter
3. Am I not celebrating New year?
Here,
Helping Verb– Am
Subject- I
Negation– Not
Verb– Celebrating
Other word– New year
∑ Some examples of Interrogative Negative (Yes/No type) sentences in Present Continuous Tense
  1. Is she not working hard to earn money?
  2. Are they not fulfilling their desire?
  3. Is the bull not giving milk?
  4. Am I not handling the case properly?
  5. Are we not getting tired of watching movies?

Structure of Interrogative Negative (Wh type) sentences in Present Continuous Tense

Wh type+ Helping Verb+ Subject+ Not+ Verb+ Other Words
1. Where are they not standing?
Here,
Wh word- Where
Helping verb– Are
Subject– They
Negation– Not
Verb– Standing
2. Why are we not drinking tea?
Here,
Wh word– Why
Helping verb– Are
Subject- We
Negation– Not
Verb- Drinking
Other word– Tea
3. How is she not curing herself today?
Here,
Wh word– How
Helping verb– Is
Subject– She
Negation-Not
Verb– Curing
Other words– Herself today

∑ Some examples of Interrogative Negative (Wh type) sentences in Present Continuous Tense

  1. Why is she not obeying her parents?
  2. How is he not paying attention?
  3. Where are the boys not running?
  4. What are they not doing now?
  5. Why is Simran not attending her class?
Now, it’s time to do practice set.
Question– Do as directed
1- I __ earning money. ( Fill in the blanks with the help of correct helping verb or auxiliary verb)
2. They are admiring. ( Change into Interrogative Sentence)
3. The audience is enjoy skit. ( Make the sentence correct)
4. You not are in praying the temple. ( Rearrange these words and make a meaningful sentence with the help of these words)
5. Johnny is studying. ( Change it into negative sentence)
Answers of previous questions-
1. Am
2. Are they admiring?
3. The Audience is enjoying skit.
4. You are not praying in the temple.
5. Johnny is not studying.
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This Post Has 8 Comments

  1. Krazy

    To master English language, one should learn Interrogative negative sentences because they are very complex to use. Good post 👍

      1. Ruchi

        Best website to learn English grammar. Keep posting

  2. Ajay Singh

    Thankyou for your teaching. you cleared many of my topics.

  3. Ashish

    Nicely explained, you cleared the concept to make it easy to understand…

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