Adverbs and it’s kinds:-
Hello everyone! Let’s start today’s session with ‘Adverb and it’s kinds.’
What is an adverb?
An adverb is a word which tells more about adjectives, verb, place or manner.
Eg– Hardly, very, always, there etc.
Let’s use the above examples in sentences:–
1. Tina hardly goes outside.
2. Your mentor used to give you ‘very good’ as remark.
3. He always appreciate others.
4. I saw you there.
What is an adverb for kids
An adverb is a word which modifies an adjective, a verb or another adverb.
Eg– Nicely, also, here etc.
Adverbs can create chaos among readers because it has different functions within English language.
Examples of adverb:
Very, here, there, always, often, seldom, today, urgently, happily, quickly, afterwards, well, everywhere, soon, inside, outside, effortlessly, anywhere ,too, gracefully, during, just, underground, lifelessly, now, since, quite, never, somewhere, daily, carefully, uastairs, yesterday etc are some examples of adverb.
What are different kinds of adverb
Adverb has it’s five kinds. They are as follows:
- Adverb of Manner
- Adverb of Place
- Adverb of Time
- Adverb of Frequency
- Adverb of Degree
There are five types of adverbs . in English language, those are, adverb of manner, adverb of place, adverb of time, adverb of frequency and adverb of degree.
Here is a brief explanation of each type of adverb with examples.
Adverb of Manner: Adverb of Manner provides more information about how a verb is done. It gives the answer of ‘how’. It is probably most common type among all other types of adverb Most of them ends with ‘ly’.
Examples of adverb of Manner– Slowly, neatly, politely, sadly calmly etc.
1- I politely opened the door for my father as he had stepped out of his car.
2- The soldier’s wife sadly bid him farewell.
Adverb of Place: Adverb of place states where the verb is happening. It tells the answer of ‘where’. It is usually placed after main verb or object in a sentence or at the end of sentence.
Examples of adverb of Place- Here, there, anywhere, everywhere, above, inside, outside, in, out, into etc.
1- We went and enjoyed so much outside.
2- One day, I went into the cave with my family and friends.
Adverb of Time: Adverb of Time provides more information when a verb takes place. It gives the answer of ‘when’. It usually places at the beginning or end of a sentence.
Examples of adverb of Time- Just, never, during, recently, so far, sometimes, always, usually etc.
1- We recently learnt definition of adverb.
2-My grandmother has just come to my house.
Adverb of Frequency: Adverb of Frequency states how often the verb occurs. They are often placed directly before the main verb in a sentence.
Examples of adverb of Frequency- Never, always, rarely, again, seldom etc.
1- I rarely eat junk food.
2- You always learn something new.
Adverb of Degree: Adverb of degree states the level or intensity of a verb, adjective or even another adverbs.
Examples of adverb of Degree- Almost, quite, too, enough, simply, so etc.
1- Can I participate in skit too?
2- I am so excited to help you.
How to spot an adverb
Spotting an adverb: Adverbs modify an adjective , a verb or another adverbs. They can add or change meaning of a word. It gives answers of generally ‘when‘ , ‘where‘ and ‘how‘. It also extents meaning of a word.
Adverb tells how it happened: Adverbs are the part of descriptive language because it tells or describes how something was done.
Eg– Randomly, brutally, uneasily, wickedly etc.
Adverb tells where it happened: Some adverbs describe the location of an action.
Eg– Here, downstairs, in, underground etc.
Adverb tells when it happened: Adverbs also tell the time of an action.
Eg– First, last, early, now etc.
Adverb tells the extent of the action: Adverbs also describe the extent to which something was done.
Eg– Only, also, enough, so etc.
What are Adverb Phrases
Adverb phrases function like adverbs. They also modify an adjective, a verb or another adverb. They add more information in a sentence by giving us answer of ‘what’, ‘when’, ‘where’ or ‘what extent’. They do not always contain an adverb and can start with preposition or the infinitive form of a verb.
Here are some sentences with adverb phrases in bold:-
■ She goes to the park every week.
■ I had eaten my lunch much later than usual.
■ Please stay as long as possible.
■ She lives in the north of India.
■ He was talking so slowly in the night.
Adverbs are Intensifiers
Another function of adverb is to intensify the meaning of the word it is modifying. It does so by putting more or less emphasis on the word, amplifying the meaning of the word or tonning down the feeling of the word.
Sentences with emphasizing adverb in bold:-
● You simply don’t move.
● I really don’t care about their mentality.
Sentences with amplify adverbs in bold:-
●Rama completely rejected his gift.
●I heartily congratulate him on his success.
Adverb or Adverb Phrases that tone down the feeling or mood:-
●I somewhat understand that matter.
●His employee almost quit the job.
What are Adverbs of degree
Adverbs of degree tell us about the intensity of something. They are usually placed before an adjective, a verb or another adverb that they modify.
The following words are example of adverbs of degree.
Too, enough, very..
Uses of adverb ‘too’
Adverb ‘too’ has two different meanings-
Too means ‘also’ and it goes in the end of the phrase it modifies.
Eg– Can I visit Varanasi with you too?
Too means ‘excessively’ goes before the adjective or adverb it modifies. It can be used in both affirmative and negative sense.
Eg– This tea is too hot.
Uses of adverb ‘enough’
Enough can be used both as an adverb and as determiner.
Enough as an adverb goes after the adjective or adverb that it is modifying. It can be used both as positive and negative sense.
Eg– This question is not hard enough.
Enough as a determiner meaning ‘as much/many’ and goes before the noun it modifies.
Eg– We have enough food.
Uses of adverb ‘very’
‘Very’ goes before an adverb or adjective to make it stronger.
Eg– The rabbit runs very fast.
Other adverbs used like ‘very’.
There are some other adverbs who used in the same way as ‘very’.
Eg– Extremely, insanely, uncommonly, especially, pretty, rather, amazingly.
Difference between ‘very’ and ‘too’
There is a big difference between the meaning of these two adverbs ‘very’ and ‘too’.
Very expresses a fact.
Eg- 1- You speak very quickly.
2- It is very hot outside.
Too suggests there is some problem.
Eg– 1- You speak too quickly so I can’t understand.
2- It is too hot outside to go for a walk.
What is the difference between a verb and an adverb
Verbs and adverbs both are parts of speech but there is a huge difference between a verb and an adverb. A verb is a doing word or all the action words are known as verb whereas an adverb modifies or tells more information about an adjective, a verb or another adverbs. An adverb tells more about a verb.
Eg– She speaks English fluently.
(In the above example, ‘speak‘ is a verb because it’s an action word and the word ‘fluently‘ is modifying verb of the sentence i.e. ‘speak’ so, ‘fluently’ is an adverb in that sentence.
What is the difference between an adjective and an adverb
Adjective and adverb both are parts of speech. Adjective is a describing word which qualifies a noun or pronoun whereas adverb modifies an adjective, a verb or another adverbs.
Eg– The baby is looking extremely happy.
(In the above example, ‘extremely’ is modifying an adjective ‘happy’ so, ‘extremely‘ is an adverb whereas ‘happy‘ is an adjective.)
Point to remember:- Some adjectives also take ‘ly‘ in the last.
What are some adverb words
Here is a list of some adverbs:-
Adoringly, awkwardly, absentmindedly, beautifully, briskly, brutally, carefully, cheerfully, competitively, sloppily, well, wishfully, urgently, effortlessly, quickly,quietly, lazily, gracefully, unevenly, worriedly etc.
After, afterwards, annually, before, daily, never, now, soon, till, then, today, tomorrow, yesterday, weekly etc.
Anywhere, somewhere, everywhere, in, inside, there, down, here, out, outside, underground, upstairs etc.
Adverbs ‘To what extent’
Extremely, not, quite, rather, really, terrible, too, very etc.
What are ten examples of adverbs.
Here are ten sentences, contain adverbs. These are as follows:-
1. She is speaking softly.
2. He writes clearly.
3.Johnny has very deep knowledge.
4. They are looking extremely happy.
5. Chetan Bhagat is a well known writer.
6. I am going there with my brother.
7. She has just solved this sum.
8. The boys are cheerfully planning to go to Europe.
9. It is too cold in Shimla.
10. I met him somewhere on the earth.
I hope Adverbs and it’s kinds, spotting an adverb, adverb phrases and examples of adverb are cleared now.
1- Noun number